1607 TREATY WITH THE ENGLISH and Exile to Kerry
From Patrick Lallour (France)
from the book “History of The Queens County”
With this letter was sent a copy of Sir Henry Power's letters in answer to a letter despatched to him by Chichester, and the Irish Privy Council, to know the dispositions and purposes of the Leix septs. The following is a copy of the agreements referred to in these letters :
"Agreements between Mr. Crosbie and Leixe at Mo11in-O'Lalour upon St. Patrick's Day, being the 17th March, 1607. (The townland of Ballycarney, in the parish of Maryborough, is locally known as Lalor's Mil1s.)
" That Mr. Crosbie shall swear to revenge upon any of the septs any anger or controversy that happened between them since the beginning of this matter, and that he shall procure his heirs to do the like.
"That he shall give six ploughlands of Tarbert, of that ten ploughland there, to the six persons subscribed and to their heirs, they paying him and his heirs £6 sterling chief rent, with other services and rising out; and for the rest of the six septs he shall place them in the Abbey of O'Dorny, Coishcassan, and upon the 'Plountaine' in his other lands, and shall divide amongst them twelve ploughland, upon long leases, giving them such freedoms, and for such rents as the Lord Bishop of ' Kurry' (sic) and John M'Murtoghe shall set down; and they both from time to time shall end all controversies that shall arise between Mr. Crosbie and any of the septs who shall depart with Mr. Crosbie at Midsummer's Day next.
"That the septs and their heirs for ever shall be faithful loving, obedient to Mr. Crosbie and his heir Piers, and their heirs for ever, and shall be directed by them in all service of the King's, and all other lawful courses.
"That Mr. Crosbie and his heirs shall answer all matters for them, both at Dublin, as before the President and in sessions, they helping to bear his charges, and yet every of them will appear, if need be.
"That Mr. Crosbie and his heirs shall disburden and discharge them from giving meat, drink, and clothing to the 288 persons who are not able to live, in this paper annexed, subscribed by John M'Mortough and Leig Laloure, but shall keep them himself or dispose of them as he thinks good.
"That Mr. Crosbie shall give to John M'Mortough the worth of £400 in land either inheritance or mortgage, as the Lord Bishop of Kurry [Kerry] and Leig Laloure shall value it.
"That he and his heirs shall maintain and defend the said septs and their heirs in all lawful causes, and not suffer them to be wronged or oppressed by any officers or others. And that he and they to swear to perform these articles truly, and he to bring his son Piers to the county, before Easter Day, to be sworn to perform the same.
Signed: John M'Mortough, Teig Lalour, Robert O'Dowling, Mortogh M'Williams, his mark, M'Eboye's mark, Farre M'Gerrott's mark, Patrick O'Doran's mark."
[Then follow the names of the members of the septs, 289 in number.]
The first few names of each sept are subjoined.
Keadaghe M'James O'Morre.
Mortoughe M'Rourie and his two sons.
Patrick M'Connell and his two sons.
Donell M'Connell, his brother's two sons.
Pierce M'Kedagh and his son.
Lisaghe M'Mourtoughe's six sons.
Owen M'Shane's five sons, &C. In all, 102.
Cahill M'Euryn O'Kellie.
Hughe M'Rorie O'Kellie.
Teig M'Brassil O'Kellie.
Hugh M'Brassil O'Kellie.
Gerrott M'Brien O'Kellie.
Gerrald M'Brien O'Kellie. In all, 39.
Hugh M'Shane O'Lalour.
Donell M'Shane O'Lalour.
Donough M'Diermot O'Lalour.
Hughe M'Dierrnot O'Lalour.
Donell M'Teig O'Lalour.
Donogh M'Donnell O'Lalour.
Teig M'Diermot O'Doran.
Diermot M'Edmond, Donell, and Laughlin.
Mortogh O'Doran and his two sons, Teigh and Hugh.
William O'Doran, and his son.
Laghlin O'Doran and his son. In all, 13.
Thomas M'Mulrony, Murtough, Edmond, Kien, Diermot, and Pat - six.
Teig M'David, and his four sons.
Laghlin and Diermot, and their two sons.
Laghlin and Neile Donell Moyle.
Edmond Arte, Lei g, Donell and Neile M'Donall, brothers. In all, 43.
Donell M'Edmond O'Dowlin.
Donagh M'William O'Dowlin.
Teig O'Dowlin, &C. In all,
On the 16th of March, 1609, Crosbie writes to the Earl of Salisbury that he had been stayed by Chichester in bringing to an end the trans-planting of the O’Moores. On the I7th of June Chichester writes of Crosby and his devices for removing the septs. The Lord Deputy gives it as his opinion that if (as was the case in the Plantation ofUlster) a resolution was taken to remove the swordsmen out of some of those shires, he thought it would have been one of Hercules' labours to have attempted. They couId not effect this with all the providence, care, and travel they had employed, and, therefore, he resolved to add force to persuasion, and so with the terror of the one and travail and charge of Crosbie, with the good assistance given by Mr. Pigott, an honest and discreet gentleman of that county, the business was now fully brought to pass, as all the seven septs had departed thence, some into Thomonde, more into Connaught, and most into Kerry with Mr. Crosbie. For that service, he passed to him the manor of Terbert, and had forgiven him five years' rent due to his Majesty for his lands in the Queen's County. Chichester adds that he was greatly maliced for what he had done, and that those septs should ever hate him deadly; but he fears not the harm they can do to himself; all he desires herein is, that Mr. Crosbie may have his Lordship's favour for speedy dispatch in his reasonable demands, so that he may return to overlook and to welcome his unruly guests into Kerry, and that Mr. Pigott may know that he has recommended his honest service.
A little later, Chichester wrote to the Privy Council, that the O’Moores, together with some other Irish septs, their fosterers and followers in the Queen's County, were all removed thence and dispersed into sundry and remote places of Munster and Connaught; by which it was to be hoped, others might be warned by their example to forbear such desperate and rebellious courses as they had often attempted. Only some young children of that name, without parents or other near kinsmen having any care of them, were yet remaining among their fosterers in and about those borders. He wished they were taken into England to be put to occupations and other services, where they might forget their fierceness and pride, which they should otherwise retain though they be but bastards of that name.
In the Royal Irish Academy a manuscript is preserved written, it is said, by one of the O’Moores exiled in Kerry from the land of Leix, of date june, 1610, which states that the banishment and extirpation of all the survivors of his sept - men, women, and children - was then finished.
During a whole week the governor and sheriff of Leix had been employed in destroying the people remaining there, in seizing their cattle and all they possessed, while a savage order had been issued to hang any of them found in their ancient principality.